There are a number of reasons why we might recommend that you have a tooth extracted. A tooth extraction might be indicated if repairing a damaged tooth is not practical. Listed below are some of these reasons:
Impacted or non-functional wisdom teeth may need to be extracted. The constant pressure from impacted wisdom teeth can also damage adjacent teeth. You may not feel anything until significant damage has occurred. This pressure may also push other teeth out of line, possibly creating a need for orthodontic treatment. Even if you have no symptoms now, headaches, earaches, pain in the face, neck, throat and upper and lower teeth can occur if impacted wisdom teeth are not removed.
Once a tooth is extracted, the remaining socket can be grafted with bone. This serves to maintain the ridge dimensions and contours for a future implant supported tooth replacement. Grafting may also be done if an implant is placed immediately into an extraction socket to help regenerate the bone around the implant. If an implant is not treatment planned, then the bone grafting is still beneficial to prevent collapse of the bony socket and preserve the natural ridge contours to maximize esthetics for a denture or fixed bridge.
Removing impacted wisdom teeth early is usually a less involved procedure than waiting until complications and pain develop. It is best to remove the teeth before the roots are fully formed. As you age, the roots will thicken and become more firmly anchored to the jawbone. If you wait until your wisdom teeth cause you trouble, chances of risks and complications are higher, and recovery may not proceed as smoothly as when they are removed electively. With the help of Digital X-Rays, we can frequently predict if the unerupted teeth will be problematic.