Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth like a turtleneck around your neck. When you have periodontal disease, this supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming "pockets" around the teeth.
Periodontal or “gum” surgery is needed when conservative non-surgical treatments are ineffective in completely eradicating periodontal disease. Luckily, periodontal surgery is a very simple and extremely effective technique to treat advanced periodontal problems.
Periodontal surgery is a simple procedure that allows your periodontist, Dr. Naheed Mohamed, to access your teeth below the gum line in order to clean them better. In actuality, we are cleaning your tooth roots. This involves making small incisions at the gum line allowing the separation of the gum from the tooth, creating a “flap” of tissue. This is commonly referred to as a “flap” procedure or “flap” surgery. Once the gums are opened, the roots of the teeth and the bone loss created by the periodontal infection can be visualized.
All plaque and calculus deposits are then removed, and the gums are then closed back together with sutures (stitches).